Selecting any SuperFlow Engine Dynamometer typically comes down to four main factors:
Whether it be water brake, eddy current or alternating current (AC), motor load has the same general guidelines. We will break down some of the differences here to help you select the proper engine dynamometer for your needs.
Water brake dynamometers use a hydraulic brake that converts the energy produced by the engine into heat transferred to the water flowing through the dynamometer. There is a stationary side (stator) and a spinning side (rotor) each with cup shaped pockets that transfer water from one side to the other. An automatic control valve bolted to the dynamometer controls the amount of water in the dynamometer based on the test requirements to produce the required load against the engine.
The major advantage of water brake absorbers is that they offer a wide dynamic range meaning one dynamometer can test a wide range of engine speeds and engine torques – the SF-902S dynamometer for example is rated for 15,000 rpm and up to 1,250 lb.ft of torque, however it can also easily test small single cylinder engines that make less than 40 lb.ft. of torque. Water brake dynamometers are also the most economical type of absorber for dynamic testing making them great for a wide range of applications from testing internal combustion engines to electric motors.
Eddy current dynamometers use an electro magnetic brake to load an engine. A rotor spins inside a magnetic field created by energizing a stationary coil. The spinning section creates resistance to the magnetic field thus applying load to the engine. This process turns energy from the engine into heat in the rotor which is dissipated by cooling water flowing through the absorber.
The major advantage of water cooled eddy current engine dynos is their precise and rapid load control. Varying the energy supplied to the coil can adjust the load from zero to 100% in a few milliseconds and the adjustment can also be very precise. The drawback to eddy current dynamometers is they are typically 40-60% more expensive than a water brake dynamometer and their dynamic range is narrower as well. This means eddy current dynamometers are typically selected for more specialized testing.
Alternating current (AC) dynamometers use an electric motor to load an engine. When configured with a regenerative drive the energy the motor absorbs can be converted into electrical energy and returned to the power grid, reducing the cost of testing over time. AC dynamometers offer both excellent steady state and transient control. An additional benefit of AC dynamometers is, in addition to loading an engine, they can also motor an engine to simulate the inertia of a vehicle motoring the engine down a hill or performing tightly controlled transient simulations like those required in a government mandated emissions drive cycles.
With an understanding of how each type of dynamometer creates load and some of their advantages for different types of testing we can discuss the remaining factors we need to understand to select the proper absorber.
Combining the overall application requirements for speed, torque, control, and test requirements leads us to the correct power absorber and dynamometer system. Our sales engineers are trained to listen to the application, ask questions when needed and help you select the proper equipment for an economical solution for your project. If you have an engine testing need you’d like to inquire about contact us today.